The pathological and excessive accumulation of fluids in the abdominal cavity is called ascites. This symptom may be a sign of many types of cancer, but most often it accompanies ovarian cancer. The development of ascites is favored by prolonged disorders in the natural circulation of the fluid in the abdominal cavity.
There is a specific symptom indicating that ruling out ovarian cancer is progressing. Causes an injury to the lymph nodes, ruptures of the oval capsule. As a result, inflammation, abscesses, organ necrosis, and possible death are observed. As a rule, ascites occurs in the 3-4 phase of this pathology.
Ascites is a rather dangerous condition that can cause inflammation, abscesses, and necrosis. In the diagnosis of ovarian cancer, ascites is a fairly expected symptom, to eliminate which therapeutic methods are used.
SYMPTOMS OF ASCITES
In ovarian cancer, fluid formation is most often caused by a lesion of the lymphatic vessels. The release of fluid into the abdominal cavity can also be caused by an ovarian rupture.
The presence of ascites indicates the development of advanced tumors (stages 3 and 4).
When the fluid volume is less than 200 ml, it is impossible to detect ascites with the help of an external examination, larger quantities cause an increase in abdominal volume and the presence of parts of the peritoneal protruding asymmetrically.
The signs of ascites also include:
- Swelling of the lower abdomen, external genital organs, and legs
- Painful sensations that are very intense and make patients assume the position of the embryo (in this position the severity of the symptoms decreases)
- Heaviness in the abdomen
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty tilting the body
- Signs of intoxication
- Frequent urination (oliguria)
- Intestinal disorders (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence)
In the initial phase, ascites cannot cause any painful symptoms. The presence of excess liquids can be detected by chance – with ultrasound or CT. Often, ascites is the first clear sign of cancer and its early diagnosis can help identify ovarian cancer and start therapy.
Ascites in the advanced stage causes shortness of breath, a feeling of fullness with a small amount of food and can lead to the development of an umbilical hernia. Visually, ascites is evident with large volumes of liquids. In obese patients, an increase in the abdomen can be traced by measuring its volume. In thin women, the changes are obvious and without measurements; the characteristic feature is the protrusion of the navel.
On examination, while lying on his back, there is a symptom called “belly of the frog” – the liquid moves towards the lateral sections of the abdominal cavity, and in front of the belly appears flat. Long-term ascites can cause hydrothorax – fluid penetration into the pleural cavity.
The accumulation in the abdominal cavity of over 10 liters of liquid causes the squeezing of all the internal organs and the movement of the diaphragm in the thoracic cavity, which reduces the amplitude of respiratory movements and causes oxygen deficiency and severe malfunctioning of the heart.
Ascites can cause a pathological flow of the fluid through the lymphatic system – in this case, the tumor cells penetrate through the lymph into healthy tissues and organs and cause a wide malignant contamination of the whole organism. Especially rapidly with the development of extensive ascites, cancer cells penetrate the pancreas, stomach, and liver.
HOW ASCITES ARE TREATED
To remove excess fluid and stop the development of ascites, a cycle of diuretic drugs is conducted and the salt-water ratio is restored. With the inefficiency of these methods, the abdominal cavity is punctured and the fluid is completely pumped.
When ascites require a certain diet, which includes broth with added cinnamon, ginger, fennel, parsley and marjoram (these herbs help fight ascites). It is necessary to eat in small portions.
To improve the effectiveness of the treatment and that the patient could live longer with 3 tablespoons ovarian oncology. with ascites – intraperitoneal chemotherapy is performed.