auto ads

STAGES OF OVARIAN CANCER AND MAIN SYMPTOMS DEPENDING ON THE STAGE

STAGE 1– THE NEOPLASM IS LOCALIZED WITHIN THE OVARY

  • (I-A) – The tumor is located in one ovary, without leaving its capsule
  • (I-B) – The neoplasm affects both ovaries without damaging their capsule
  • (I-C) – The tumor is localized in one / two ovaries, damaging their capsule. Ascites develops, in which fluid containing pathological cells accumulates in the peritoneum

SYMPTOMS FOR STAGE 1

Stage 1 is characterized by the presence of the following symptoms:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain in the lumbar region
  • Discomfort during intercourse
  • Poor functioning of the stomach
  • A sharp decrease in body weight
  • Nausea
  • Frequent urination
  • Frequent bloating
  • A feeling of fullness in the stomach
  • With the progression of the disease, vaginal discharge from the vagina that is not associated with menstruation may also appear

DIAGNOSIS FOR STAGE 1

At stage I carry out:

  • Analysis of fluid located in the abdominal cavity
  • Gynecological examination and palpation of internal organs
  • Stage 1 Ovarian Cancer Ultrasound of the pelvic organs
  • Additionally, doctors can prescribe a gastrointestinal examination and mammography

TREATMENT FOR STAGE 1

Surgical removal of the tumor is performed, followed by chemotherapy treatment. During the operation, doctors remove one or both ovaries.

Stage 2 – The neoplasm is localized within the ovaries and pelvis.

  • (II-A) – There is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes
  • (II-B) – Pathology extends to other pelvic organs
  • (II-C) – Cancer affects the uterus and fallopian tubes, as well as other pelvic organs. The ovarian capsule is damaged. Diagnosed with ascites

Stage 2 is characterized by these symptoms:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloody discharge during or after intercourse
  • Fever
  • Severe pain in the lumbar region
  • Heavy bleeding during menstruation or bleeding that is not associated with the menstrual cycle
  • Weight loss
  • An increase in the abdomen in size
  • Fatigue

DIAGNOSIS FOR STAGE 2

At stage II are performed:

  • Biopsy
  • CT and MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • Sonography

TREATMENT FOR STAGE 2

Doctors perform a radical operation, during which the uterus is also removed. After surgery, the patient is prescribed a course of chemotherapy.

Stage 3 – The tumor spreads to one or both ovaries. Oncology also occurs in the organs of the peritoneum, regional lymph nodes.

  • (III-A) – The neoplasm is still in the pelvic area, however, the presence of cancer cells in the abdominal cavity is observed
  • (III-B) – Metastases occur in the abdominal region. Their size is up to 2 cm. The lymph nodes of the groin and peritoneum are not affected by the malignant process
  • (III-C) – Metastases exceeding 2 cm in size occur in the abdominal cavity. The malignant process affects the lymph nodes of the groin and peritoneum

SYMPTOMS FOR STAGE 3

Stage II is characterized by the presence of the following symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Painful bowel movements
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Bloating
  • Dyspepsia
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Flatulence
  • Vomiting
  • A sharp decrease or increase in body weight
  • Nausea
  • Increase in waist in volume
  • Frequent urination

DIAGNOSIS OF STAGE 3

At stage III, the following studies are carried out:

  • Blood test for the presence of tumor markers CA-125
  • Ultrasound

TREATMENT FOR STAGE 3

Total surgical removal of tissues affected by the malignant process is performed. During surgery, internal organs affected by cancer can be removed. After surgery, chemotherapy is also prescribed.

Stage 4 – Distant metastatic foci in the internal organs and lymph nodes are observed.

SYMPTOMS OF STAGE 4

Stage 4 is characterized by the presence of the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Back pain
  • Delayed menstruation
  • Labored breathing
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Swelling of the hands and feet
  • Poor appetite
  • Weight loss
  • The Rapid increase in the abdomen

Also, this stage is characterized by the presence of fluid in the abdomen (ascites). The main cause of this condition is metastatic processes in the lymph nodes.

DIAGNOSIS OF STAGE 4

At Stage 4 Performed:

  • Internal urography
  • CT scan
  • Puncture of the abdominal cavity
  • Radioisotope scanning
  • Radiography of the lungs
  • Ultrasound of the liver and organs located in the pelvis
  • Cytological examination of material taken from the vagina
  • Endoscopic and laparoscopic examinations

TREATMENT FOR STAGE 4

Surgical treatment is ineffective in the presence of metastases in the lymph nodes. However, surgical treatment is indicated to improve the general condition of the patient. Chemotherapy is also recommended at this stage.

It is this method of treatment that is most effective in the presence of metastatic processes. Also at this stage, the patient has prescribed palliative treatment, which is designed to minimize unpleasant symptoms.

Irradiation and radiotherapy are not prescribed as an independent treatment for ovarian cancer since they do not give special results.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *