STAGE 1– THE NEOPLASM IS LOCALIZED WITHIN THE OVARY
SYMPTOMS FOR STAGE 1
Stage 1 is characterized by the presence of the following symptoms:
DIAGNOSIS FOR STAGE 1
At stage I carry out:
TREATMENT FOR STAGE 1
Surgical removal of the tumor is performed, followed by chemotherapy treatment. During the operation, doctors remove one or both ovaries.
Stage 2 – The neoplasm is localized within the ovaries and pelvis.
Stage 2 is characterized by these symptoms:
DIAGNOSIS FOR STAGE 2
At stage II are performed:
TREATMENT FOR STAGE 2
Doctors perform a radical operation, during which the uterus is also removed. After surgery, the patient is prescribed a course of chemotherapy.
Stage 3 – The tumor spreads to one or both ovaries. Oncology also occurs in the organs of the peritoneum, regional lymph nodes.
SYMPTOMS FOR STAGE 3
Stage II is characterized by the presence of the following symptoms:
DIAGNOSIS OF STAGE 3
At stage III, the following studies are carried out:
TREATMENT FOR STAGE 3
Total surgical removal of tissues affected by the malignant process is performed. During surgery, internal organs affected by cancer can be removed. After surgery, chemotherapy is also prescribed.
Stage 4 – Distant metastatic foci in the internal organs and lymph nodes are observed.
SYMPTOMS OF STAGE 4
Stage 4 is characterized by the presence of the following symptoms:
Also, this stage is characterized by the presence of fluid in the abdomen (ascites). The main cause of this condition is metastatic processes in the lymph nodes.
DIAGNOSIS OF STAGE 4
At Stage 4 Performed:
TREATMENT FOR STAGE 4
Surgical treatment is ineffective in the presence of metastases in the lymph nodes. However, surgical treatment is indicated to improve the general condition of the patient. Chemotherapy is also recommended at this stage.
It is this method of treatment that is most effective in the presence of metastatic processes. Also at this stage, the patient has prescribed palliative treatment, which is designed to minimize unpleasant symptoms.
Irradiation and radiotherapy are not prescribed as an independent treatment for ovarian cancer since they do not give special results.
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